Discovery Tasting: Querciabella Super Tuscan

It’s not often that you get to taste a range of wines form a Super Tuscan producer but we were lucky enough to get the main man from Querciabella, winemaker Manfred Ing, to show us his wines with a little help from his colleague Giorgio Fragiacomo.

The Querciabella vineyards in Tuscany

Querciabella has to be one of the most famous wine names in Tuscany. They’re one of the original Super Tuscan producers having first released their flagship wine Camartina in 1982. With some of the highest vineyards in Chianti, from the outset they were committed to producing a more elegant, terroir-focused wine than their contemporaries: the Burgundy to Bolgheri’s Bordeaux.

In Chianti, the vines run across the communes of Greve, Radda, and Gaiole. Their wines are a mosaic of different micro-plots – sometimes a single row – all harvested and vinified individually under the expert guidance of winemaker Manfred Ing. Alongside their land in the heart of Chianti Classico, Querciabella also established plots in Maremma on the Tuscan coast in 2000, and today they represent the largest holdings of certified vegan and organic vineyards in Italy.

Site selection is crucial to the style of the wines and is testament to the care and attention to detail employed by Manfred and his team.

“I talk about wines in terms of colours. People may laugh but it is the light and the dark and the textures that you get from each row, each plot that make the wine what it is.” He adds, “Bringing all those colours together is how we construct the nuances of the fruit and terroir in each bottle.”

Manfred Ing, winemaker, Querciabella

Sustainability has always been at the heart of Querciabella – working with organic methods since 1988 and certified in 2000, biodynamic practices since 2000, and 100% vegan since 2010. Today, they practice a unique form of plant-based biodynamics that is tailored specifically to their location and style. It’s all about biodynamics and vegan wines here.

It made a change to have a South African, Manfred, and an Australian, Giorgio, presenting such quintessentially Italian wines but their knowledge shone through. A quick trot round the vineyard before the tasting with Manfred gave us a great feel for the height of the vineyards and the variety of plots and soil types in the immediate area. This is Tuscany at its best.

The Wines

Chianti Classico 2017

“A declassified Chianti Riserva” according to Fragiacomo. Made from 100% Sangiovese this wine was first made in 1974, went organic in 1988 and biodynamic in 2000. It’s aged for 12 months in extra fine grained French oak barrels. The 2017 vintage was one of the driest on record in the region and the scarcity of rain, a cold winter, and a long, hot summer limited bunches and berries development. The high skin-to-juice ratio of the berries and ripe tannins made it a fine start for elegant wines of tension and structure.

Chianti Classico Riserva 2016

If the first wine was a declassified Riserva then this Riserva has to one of the best on the market. Spending 16 months in French oak, here the site selection becomes more important. The 2016 vintage was marked by a damp winter and cool spring but the almost perfect ripening conditions were supported by significant diurnal temperature variation that allowed for great phenolic maturation while preserving bright fruit flavours and zesty acidity.

Turpino 2017

A powerful blend of Cabernet Franc, Syrah and Merlot this wine comes from the Maremma region, exclusively from the Alberese and Grosseto vineyard. Classified as an IGT to avoid the restrictive DOG rules, the Turpino shows the magnificent potential of this little known region squashed between Tuscany and the sea. Dry and hot, 2017 yielded a powerful wine which has been aged in fine grained oak for 16 months.

Camartina 2016

The original Super Tuscan from Querciabella, this is a blend of 70% Cabernet Sauvignon and 30% Sangiovese, first made in 1981. The meticulous selection in the different vineyards and the winery, the galestro soils and the careful ageing for 18 months (30% new) make this a stunning wines in anyone’s book. The cooler vintage conditions make it a touch more reserved but still powerful and able to age for decades.

Camartina 2003

It was a privilege for our members to taste an older wine and with nearly 20 years on this one you can really see the potential of these wines. Fine, integrated and supple, the complexity of the different terroirs really are a treat. 2003 was a hot, dry vintage and you can taste the sun in this wine but the diurnal variation gives it a linear acidity, and the fruit still shines despite the wine’s age. A true example of Super Tuscan class.

Batàr 2017

Possibly one of the best white wines to come out of Tuscany. A legendary blend of Chardonnay and Pinot Bianco. This was a rare chance to taste a stunning wine (once called Batard, but the EU put a stop to that!) which has been vinified since the late 1980’s. The Chardonnay is produced in the characteristic galestro soils which give the wines it’s famed flintiness and precision. The Pinot Bianco north-facing plots with heavier clayey components give the wine a delicious rich texture. Maturation on the lees for 9 months in oak brings structure and toastiness but the fruit is still predominant. What a treat!

Shipped into the UK by Armit Wines. Find out more at www.armitwines.co.uk and http://www.querciabella.com

Watch the video

Discovery Tasting: Yalumba

There’s nothing that you guys like more than a bit of heritage, so it was no surprise that our Yalumba Discovery Tasting was hugely over-subscribed. Not only is it the oldest family-owned winery in Australia, but we were getting to taste the very top end of their portfolio, from the Rare and Fine collection of wines.

Yalumba began back in 1849, when Samuel Smith, a brewer, who had arrived in Australia from Dorset, came back to his family in the Barossa with $300 in his pocket from the Victoria gold rush – a small fortune back then. He rented 80 acres of land, bought a horse and put his first vines into the earth.

A mere 171 years later, we were privileged to have a sixth-generation family member, Jess Hill Smith, pouring the wines and giving us the stories, alongside veteran winemaker Louisa Rose, who will be starting work on her 30th vintage at the company any time now.

It quickly became obvious that this was a tasting of two halves – of in-depth winemaking and viticultural information, but also of stories. So whether you have customers who like to know about soil and altitude or people and history, there was something for everyone.

Highs and lows

The Barossa is made up of two valleys: The Barossa Valley – which is warmer, lower and fairly densely planted, and the Eden Valley, which despite its name is essentially up in the hills to the east. It’s here, in Angaston, where Yalumba are based.

Despite being next door to the Barossa Valley, the extra 300m of altitude has a big impact in the Eden Valley. It’s largely at 500m above sea level, compared to the Barossa Valley’s 200m, and it’s both damper, and cooler. Although the midday temperature in summer might be similar to the Barossa Valley, it takes longer to reach that temperature in the Eden Valley, and cools off faster.

Nights are cool – around 10 degrees is not uncommon in summer – giving big diurnal shifts. There are more whites planted in the Eden Valley (Chardonnay and Riesling are both popular) and the reds tend to be more perfumed and tauter in structure.

Asked to put the difference between the two in a European context, Louisa Rose said that ‘Eden Valley is not dissimilar to the northern Rhone, with the Barossa maybe more like the southern Rhone.’

As well as the family connection, there are maybe three other key elements that came through strongly in this tasting:

  • Sustainability – which runs through the whole business, but particularly in viticulture and winemaking.
  • Barrels – Yalumba are the only wine company in the southern hemisphere to have their own on-site cooperage. All of the wines tasted here had been aged in home-made barrels. ‘It’s a really important part of what we do,’ said Jess Hill Smith.
  • Old vines – Yalumba’s vineyards contain some spectacularly old vines – including some of the oldest Shiraz and Grenache vines anywhere in the world. Their influence on the wines was profound.

The Wines

The Virgilius 2016

The Virgilius is Yalumba’s top white wine – and one of the most famous Viognier’s anywhere in the world; certainly outside Condrieu. They were one of the first wineries to plant the variety, and have persevered with it to form an impressive reputation.

Key to the wine’s success is the minimal intervention and biodiverse vineyard, which, perhaps, is the difference between this wonderful wine and most underwhelming examples of the variety. ‘We couldn’t make this wine the way we do without having really healthy vineyards,’ says Louisa.

Interestingly, she says that the variety ‘behaves more like a Shiraz’ in the vineyard – and she sees parallels in the glass, too.

‘I’s got quite a lot of natural phenolics, a very low natural acidity and a moderately high alcohol,’ she says. ‘If you can’t see the colour, it’s not obvious that this is a white wine.’

All of which makes it a fascinating option for food matching. Louisa suggested trying it with red meat, but also richer, spicy food as well.

And certainly matching suggestions flooded in from our tasters. We had everything from Singapore chilli prawns and pad Thai to red duck curry, spicy crab with celeriac and tamarind chutney and fish stew with oriental spices.

Paul Robineau, from 110 de Taillevent, loved its ‘Great fruit profile of underipe tropical fruit with great savouriness – ginger, celery.’

Our tasters also noticed that, over the course of the hour, it opened up even further. Continuing the ‘white wine that thinks it’s a red’ line, Louisa recommended decanting it before serving.

‘I find it difficult to find a decent Viognier outside of Rhone valley and I think this one is really great,’ said Adam Michocki, from The Man Behind the Curtain

Tricentenary Grenache 2015

Fans of history loved this wine. It’s from a single block of 800 old vines, planted in 1889. The vines now are, Jess said, ‘enormous – they come up to my shoulder!’

‘We call this Barossa Valley Pinot,’ she continued. ‘It has the same weight to it. And Australian sommeliers use it the same way. They’re on by the glass, often on degustation menus. And they often chill it down.

‘As people are discovering these lighter bodied Barossa wines, they’re getting really excited by the concept of a light to medium bodied old vine Grenache.’

It’s a wine that has 41 days on the skins – something which Louisa says ‘gives it that silkiness on the palate’ – and time in old barrels that have no overt influence on the wine beyond letting it breathe.

It was another wine that attracted interesting food matches – often with an Asian influence; Peking duck, salt-aged beef tartare, and duck salad were all suggested.

Octavius Old Vine Shiraz 2016

This is a wine that owes its existence to the foresight of the government of South Australia, who had the foresight to quarantine the state from 1865 to the 1960s as a way of keeping phylloxera out. The result: vineyards with ancient vines that go into wines like this.

The average age of vines for the Octavius is 80 years old, but there are other key factors influencing the flavour. First of all, it’s a mix of 2/3 Barossa Valley and 1/3 Eden Valley Shiraz, with the latter adding ‘northern Rhone-like’ perfume and florals to the richness of Barossa Valley. But it’s also aged in unusual-sized 100-litre barrels – the ‘octaves’ that give it its name.

Our tasters enjoyed the lift from the Eden Valley fruit and wondered whether the winery might consider renaming it Syrah. The reaction from Jess and Louisa? Maybe not this specific wine, but watch this space…

The food matches here were more traditional. But the suggestion from Daniel Stojcic (Noble) of ‘Venison loin, parsnip, braised red cabbage, kale and pear’ a good example. Though Louisa rose’s suggestion of letting guests try it with a square of dark chocolate after the meal sparked debate.

‘It would have to be dark chocolate with no sweetness,’ said Blandford Comptoir’s Tanguy Martin. But our attendees could totally see it working.

The Signature 2015

This wine has been made by Yalumba since 1962 and it’s perhaps the wine that the company has the most affection for. For starters it’s a Cab/Shiraz blend ‘something you really don’t find outside Australia’ as Jess put it, and it’s from some of their top vineyards.

But it’s also got a great story behind it. When Jess’s Grandfather made this first ‘icon wine’ almost 60 years ago, he dedicated it to their founder, Samuel Smith. The process kicked off a tradition, and every release since has been dedicated to a member of the team at Yalumba.

‘It could be absolutely anybody. A sales rep, a vineyard worker, a family member…’

Jess Hill Smith

That year’s recipient is announced every year at the Christmas party. ‘Their names are etched into our history books for ever,’ says Jess. ‘Without them we wouldn’t be who we are today. Without them we wouldn’t have made it to 171 years.’

It was a story that our tasters loved. As well as enjoying the wine itself our sommeliers loved the story itself. ‘It gives the wine soul,’ said Wiltons’ Monica Bacchiocchi approvingly.

‘Approachable with very integrated oak. Blackfruit driven, great eucalyptus and herbal notes,’ said Paul Robineau.

The Caley 2013

The Caley is a relatively new addition to the Yalumba portfolio. The first wine was made in 2012 – a spectacularly good vintage – and the current stock in the UK is only the 2015 vintage.

It’s a blend of two regions – both with stellar reputations for their particular variety: Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon and Barossa Shiraz. The exact proportions change every year, though this particular vintage has the lowest percentage of Cabernet (55%) because Louisa felt it was ‘having an unusually strong influence’ on the blend. Interestingly, both Coonawarra and Barossa appear on the label.

Again, there is a good story. In 2012 the Yalumba team unearthed an old trunk full of letters that (third generation family member) Fred Caley Smith had written to his father while he travelled the world in the 1890s. It was a treasure trove of memories and impressions of the world from a 27 year-old Barossa lad, and one the family wanted to honour.

‘We were looking back to the past to come up with a wine for the future,’ explained Jess.

It was, Eden Locke Hotel’s Isobel Salamon said, a ‘beautiful story.’

‘Love the Caley 2013! So much dried herbs (thyme, rosemary) on the nose as well as tobacco and burnt vine trimmings.’ Rebecca Parker, Alchemilla

The Caley 2015

This wine had a higher (probably more typical) percentage of Coonawarra Cabernet Sauvignon – 74%. So no surprise that it was significantly different to all the other wines tried in the tasting, which were more Barossa-like in style.

‘The terra rossa (in Coonawarra) is quite unique,’ said Louisa Rose. ‘With that incredible mass of white limestone underneath. If you look at the Caley you see that beautiful definition. It’s like a piece of silk.

‘Some tasters recently said it had great “lucidity”. I think that’s an amazing word to use describe a full-bodied red wine.’

Louisa describes the relationship between Cabernet and Shiraz as being that of a cool, poised variety (Cabernet) being ‘given a hug’ by its partner.

‘There’s a real purity and line to that 2015, which I think is delicious,’ said Louisa. ‘It has a higher percentage of Cabernet, so the Shiraz in the 2013 is maybe a bit more open and voluptuous. But the 2015 will definitely get there. I think structurally it’s spot on.’

Or, as Mana’s James Cameron put it, ‘A refreshing coolness with flavours of green olive and blackcurrant leaf, with dense black fruit and an intriguing spice. An elegant wine.’

left: Louisa Rose; right: Jess Hill-Smith

Winemaker Tasting Note Videos

If you missed the webinar you can watch the full session below or enjoy these bite-sized videos recorded by the winemaker, Louisa Rose, to learn a little more about the wines presented.

  1. The Virgilius Viognier 2017
  2. The Tri-Centurary Grenache 2015
  3. The Octavius Old Vine Shiraz 2016
  4. The Signature Cabernet Sauvignon & Shiraz 2015
  5. The Caley Cabernet Sauvignon & Shiraz 2015
  6. The Caley Cabernet Sauvignon & Shiraz 2013

Also included below are the tasting sheets for each wine that you can download.

Watch the full webinar

For more information about sourcing these wines contact UK importer: Fells